Amsterdam (Netherlands) Amsterdam [mmstərˈdɑm]) is the capital and largest city of the Netherlands. It has been the capital of the Kingdom since 1814. It is located in the province of North Holland in the West of the country at the mouth of the Amstel and EY rivers. Amsterdam is connected to the Nordsee canal with the North sea.
As of July 2018, the population of the municipality of Amsterdam is 857,713 people, together with the suburbs (city district) – 2.3 million inhabitants. Amsterdam is part of the Randstad agglomeration, which is the 6th largest in Europe.
The name of the city comes from two words: “Amstel” – the name of the river and “dam” – “dam”. In the 12th century, it was a small fishing village, but during the Golden age of the Netherlands, Amsterdam became one of the most important ports in the world and a major trading center. Continue reading
Taj Mahal – “the pearl of India”, “the eighth wonder of the world”, one of the most beautiful buildings in the world
The Taj Mahal is the “pearl of India”, the “eighth wonder of the world”, one of the most beautiful buildings in the world. Built by order of Shah Jahan, the Mughal Emperor, it has been the main symbol of lost love for more than three hundred years.
Shah Jahan was very fond of his wife. Mumtaz Mahal eclipsed all the wives and concubines of the ruler of the Empire, she became not only a beloved woman, but also a friend and assistant to the Emperor. Continue reading
Machu Picchu (in Quechua, machu pikchu means ” Old Mountain”) is a mysterious Inca city built in the middle of the XV century, and the main attraction for which travelers go on tours of Peru. It is located about 100 km from the capital of the Inca Empire, Cuzco, in the mountains at an altitude of 2450 meters above sea level and is so hidden in the Andes that the Spanish colonizers could not reach it. We learned about this city in 1911 thanks to the American scientist from Yale Hiram Bingham. Although it is fair to say that the locals always knew about Machu Picchu, but were in no hurry to share information with outsiders. Continue reading