10 incredible facts about Antarctica that you won’t immediately believe
We don’t know so much about our planet.
Especially about its remote regions, where it is difficult to get to, and where the climate is very harsh.
It’s the remoteness and incredible cold that makes Antarctica one of the places we actually know the least about.
This is a big icy desert full of secrets.
Bored Panda offers a list of facts about the southernmost place on Earth that you won’t immediately believe.
1. There are places in Antarctica where there has been no rain or snow for 2 million years.
In Antarctica, there is no ice for about a percentage of the continent.
These areas are known as dry valleys or oasis of Antarctica.
They are considered deserts with the most severe climatic conditions in the world, and Australian scientists say these areas have not seen rain or snow for almost 2 million years.
2. The first person on this continent was born in 1978.
This Is Emilio Marcos Palma. His father led a detachment of the Argentine army at the Esperanza research base. Since then, ten more people have been born on the continent.
3. The largest known iceberg was larger than the area of Jamaica
The largest recorded iceberg in the world was iceberg B-15, an area of 11 thousand square kilometers.
Illustrative photo. Depositphotos/londondeposit
It’s bigger than the whole island of Jamaica. In 2000, the b-15 iceberg broke up into small pieces and sailed out to sea.
4. Antarctica was once a tropical continent and may become one again through carbon dioxide emissions
It’s hard to believe, but Antarctica was once a green, tropical Paradise with opossums and beavers.
Scientists say that about 52 million years ago, the concentration of carbon dioxide was twice as high as today, and the climate was much harsher.
However, according to scientists, if current CO2 emissions increase, the amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere that existed millions of years ago can be reached within a few hundred years.
5. Climate changes affect gravity in Antarctica
According to the European space Agency (ESA), Antarctica has lost so much ice in just three years that it has caused a change in The earth’s gravitational load.
The loss of ice in the West of the continent between 2009 and 2012 actually caused a drop in the gravitational field over the region.
6. Dog sledding was banned on the continent in 1993
As early as 1911, dogs delivered parcels for Norwegian navigators under the direction of Roald Amundsen.
This was the first expedition to the South pole.
Dog packs were banned for fear that their barking could scare off Arctic seals, or they could escape and harm local fauna.
7. There are two civil settlements in Antarctica
The largest city of the two existing ones, Villa Las Estrellas, was founded in 1984 by the Chilean dictator Pinochet, who wanted to establish Chile’s presence in the region.
Illustrative photo. Depositphotos/goinyk
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Today, this city is a research station, has a school, hospital, hostel, post office, Internet and even TV and mobile coverage.
The other city is called Esperance and serves as an Argentine research station.
In winter, it has 55 residents, including 10 families and 2 school teachers.
The city was founded in 1953 and it was here that the first person on the continent was born.
8. Antarctica is the only continent without reptiles and snakes
But many birds and mammals live here. They form colonies and withstand the most severe climatic conditions.
Illustrative photo. Depositphotos/pinkpanther47
9. There is no officially defined time in Antarctica
Since almost no one lives on the continent, there are no time zones. Research stations use the country to which the station belongs or the time zone of the nearest country.
10. Most of the meteorites that were found during the existence of mankind were found in Antarctica
Scientists say meteorites fall everywhere with almost equal probability.
However, if they get into, for example, a humid climate jungle, humidity and oxygen can damage them.
In Antarctica, where the climate is extremely dry, corrosion is almost impossible. In addition, the find is easier to see on the white ice surface.