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PLACE DESCRIPTION The Cathedral cave is located on the Coromandel Peninsula, famous for its beautiful beaches and warm climate. It is called a Cathedral because it resembles a Gothic Cathedral…

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PLACE DESCRIPTION The Cathedral cave is located on the Coromandel Peninsula, famous for its beautiful beaches and warm climate. It is called a Cathedral because it resembles a Gothic Cathedral…

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Machu Picchu is an ancient Inca city in Peru

Machu Picchu (in Quechua, machu pikchu means ” Old Mountain”) is a mysterious Inca city built in the middle of the XV century, and the main attraction for which travelers go on tours of Peru. It is located about 100 km from the capital of the Inca Empire, Cuzco, in the mountains at an altitude of 2450 meters above sea level and is so hidden in the Andes that the Spanish colonizers could not reach it. We learned about this city in 1911 thanks to the American scientist from Yale Hiram Bingham. Although it is fair to say that the locals always knew about Machu Picchu, but were in no hurry to share information with outsiders.

Machu Picchu / Machu Picchu
How Machu Picchu was discovered
The story of the discovery of this city is very interesting: the fact that Hiram Bingham was looking for a completely different city-the legendary Vilcabamba, where, according to Inca legends, many of their treasures and mummies of their rulers were taken during the Spanish conquest of the country. Bingham wandered through the mountains in the hope of finding some trace of this city, and on the way met a boy carrying a ceramic jug. Bingham, being a scientific expert, immediately realized that the jug was not simple, and asked the boy where he got it. The grown-up locals did not trust the gringos and tried not to reveal their secrets, but the boy told them about Machu Picchu and pointed out the way to Bingham.

Machu Picchu, Machu Picchu

New 7 Wonders Of The World
In 2007, 100 million people voted to include Machu Picchu in the list of 7 New Wonders of the World. Since 1983, Machu Picchu has been included in the UNESCO world heritage List.

Today, the construction of Machu Picchu seems incredible-the stones were transported from remote quarries: they were lowered down wet clay slopes, dragged along logs, and then they were polished so perfectly that even now it is impossible to insert a knife blade into the cracks of the joints! Machu Picchu fits wonderfully into the surrounding landscape, so it is often called “city in the sky” or “city among the clouds”. The triangular roofs of its buildings seem to be part of the landscape. This is an engineering and architectural masterpiece: for the construction of such a city, the builders had to have extensive knowledge of topography, Geology, astronomy and ecology: natural slopes were used in the construction, and the construction technique ensured the stability of the buildings even in case of a 40* slope of the rock or in case of an earthquake.

Machu Picchu / Machu Picchu
Purpose of the city
It is not known for sure what Machu Picchu was built for. According to documents of the XVI century, it was the residence of the Supreme Inca Pachacutec (1438-1470), which after his death turned into a place where children of noble families of Cuzco were sent to study. Men studied astronomy, and women in the textile business. According to another version, the city had a military and defensive purpose: first, it provided control over the surrounding tribes subordinated to the Incas, and secondly, under the control of Machu Picchu, there was access to the fertile tropical and subtropical regions where fruits, pumpkins, Coca and various medical plants were grown – the most important products for that time.

Machu Picchu, Machu Picchu, Huayna Picchu, Waynapicchu, Huayna Picchu

Inhabitants Of Machu Picchu
The city existed for just over 100 years – until 1532, when Spanish colonizers invaded the territory of the Empire. At this time, the residents of Machu Picchu mysteriously disappeared. According to one version, this happened because Machu Picchu was food-dependent on the capital, Cuzco, and when the Spanish conquerors came and food supplies stopped, the famine gradually forced the residents to leave the city. According to another , 5,000 people belonging to the common classes went to fight against the Spaniards, and 3,000 people of the nobility went to the legendary Vilcabamba and took their treasures with them. But perhaps the reason for their disappearance lies in something else.

Return of artifacts taken from Machu Picchu
In 2011, it was the 100th anniversary of the “Grand opening” of Machu Picchu by Yale Professor Hiram Bingham. After discovering the city, the Professor explored it as much as possible and took a huge number of artifacts found there to Yale. Since then, Peru has been in long-term negotiations with the United States to return the exhibits to their homeland, and in 2010, an agreement was finally reached. In 2011, more than 4,000 artifacts returned to Peru and were displayed in a Museum in Cuzco.
Huayna Picchu (Waynapicchu, Huayna Picchu)
(Waina) waina Picchu is the mountain that you see in all the classic images of Machu Picchu just outside the city. Translated from the Quechua language, this name means “Young mountain”, while” Machu Picchu “means” Old mountain”.

Vaina Picchu has many residential and temple buildings. The way to the top is quite dangerous, you can decide on it for people with good physical training. There are a lot of people who want to go up there, but only a limited number of people can pass: only 400 people a day. To get to this number, you need to buy an entrance ticket to Machu Picchu in advance, including a pass to Vaina Picchu. This ticket costs $ 10 more than a regular ticket.

Machu Picchu, Machu Picchu, Huayna Picchu, Waynapicchu, Huayna Picchu

When to go to Machu Picchu
The weather allows you to go to Machu Picchu throughout the year. The dry season is from April to October, and the rainy season is from November to March. You can also visit Machu Picchu during the rainy season, you only need to grab an umbrella and a raincoat: it rains intermittently and sometimes the sun looks out. In addition, during this period there are fewer tourists and you can walk more quietly through the ruins.

The temperature is fairly even throughout the year, with strong fluctuations in day and night values: -1 / +14C degrees at night and +23 / +27C during the day.
How to get to Machu Picchu
If there are several ways to get to Machu Picchu:

Most popular: take the train to the town of Aguas calientes. You can reach it from Ollantaytambo station, which is an hour away by bus from Cuzco, or from Poroy station near Cuzco. This is the route of the tour to Machu Picchu.
The most interesting is to walk along the Inca Trail. Classic tracking is designed for 4 days and average physical training. There is another very beautiful Hiking route to Machu Picchu: trekking the Salkantay.
The most budget option is to take a minibus or bus from Cusco to Ollantaitambo. Then take buses to reach first Santa Maria, then Santa Teresa and Hydroelectrica (Hidroelectrica). This transfer will take 7 hours. It is a 2-hour walk from Hydroelectrica to Aguas calientes. Read more at the link.
Please note that the number of tickets to Machu Picchu is limited. Choose the time of your visit and book your tour in advance!
Tours to Machu Picchu
We offer:

Group tours to Machu Picchu with Russian-speaking or English-speaking guides.
Individual tours for any date. The route is made according to your request.
Rules for visiting Machu Picchu
The main provisions of the rules for visiting Machu Picchu, effective from 2019:

Visitors are required to determine the time of their visit to Machu Picchu in advance.
The time spent on the territory of the archaeological complex is limited and depends on the type of ticket.
Visitors can only go to Machu Picchu with a guide.
You can use the entrance ticket to Machu Picchu once – you can’t go to the ruins a second time in a day using the same ticket.

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