The luminous beach or Sea of Stars is located on the coast of Vaadhoo island in RAA Atoll, Maldives. The glow is explained by the bioluminescence of plankton-chemical processes in its body, in which the released energy is released in the form of light. Luminous single-celled dinoflagellates start their illumination from movement in the water column: an electric impulse that occurs as a result of a mechanical stimulus opens ion channels, whose operation triggers a bioluminescent reaction. Dinoflagellates are marine protozoa that make up a significant part of organisms that live in the water column or on the surface.
Some groups of these unicellular species, such as nocturnal lights, have the ability to bioluminescence. When they come together, they can be seen even from space: the huge oceanic surface emits a bluish light. Best of all, the glow of these protozoa can be observed during the breeding season: the number of unicellular becomes such that the sea water resembles milk, colored in a bright blue color. However, you should be careful to admire dinoflagellates: many of them produce toxins that are dangerous for humans and animals, so when there are too many of them, it is better to admire them from the shore.