Multicolored rocks of China
The Zhangye Danxia rocks in southeastern China are a unique geological phenomenon. Lush rolling hills are reminiscent of the paintings created by nature itself.
The colored rocks Of Zhangye Danxia (Zhangye Danxia Landform) are colorful rock formations of a geological Park in Gansu province. Colored rocks consist of red sandstones and conglomerates mostly of the Cretaceous period.
The study shows that approximately 100 million years ago, this place was a huge internal pool. The water carried silt from the surrounding area. Due to constantly high temperatures, the pool dried up, and the sediment oxidized, taking on the color of rust. Approximately 70 million years ago, a red layer 3700 m thick formed in the basin known as the “chalk bed”. At the top, there was a layer of the Cretaceous system (1300 m), from which the peaks of mount Danksia gradually formed.
The landscape of the pool has changed many times. The water was flowing down through fissures cut through and destroyed the sediment and leaving behind the red fragmentary rocks. The area of the geological Park is 510 km2.
According to observations, the formation of the mountain is still ongoing, with an average elevation of 0.87 m every 10,000 years.
The area quickly became a popular attraction for the sleepy town of Zhangye. Many wooden bridges and roads have been built here to allow visitors to explore the amazing rock formations and colored rocks. In 2010, the Zhangye rocks were added to the list of UNESCO world heritage sites.
There are no organized tours to the natural attraction from the nearest city of Zhangye, so it is best to get to the reserve by taxi. On average, it takes 2-3 hours to see the colorful landscapes as part of a bus tour inside the Park. It is forbidden to walk through the colorful hills on your own, so you will have to pay extra for the services of a local guide. The best time to visit is from June to September.