Facts about the great wall of China
The great wall of China is one of the most grandiose sights in the world. The largest separation wall in the world by length, an impressive example of ancient defensive architecture. It winds for many hundreds of kilometers among difficult terrain and steep mountains.
In all its sections, without exception, tourists enjoy the magnificent scenery. Therefore, it is not surprising that the Great wall of China was included in the list of the New Seven Wonders of the World. It is also one of China’s UNESCO world heritage sites.
Name in Chinese: 长城/万里长城
Location: North China
Length: according to official data, the length is 21,196. 18 km (all sections of the wall were measured)
History: more than 2,300 years
Read more facts about the great wall of China.
Journey to the Great wall of China
The great wall of China is a must-see attraction during your trip to China. Perhaps the most striking call to visit the Wall came from the pen of Chairman Mao: “Until you reach the great wall of China, you are not a hero.” Figuratively, this means “overcoming difficulties in order to reach the goal”.
70,000 visitors a day! And this is only on one site!
Since the Great wall of China opened as a tourist attraction, hundreds of millions of tourists have already visited its various sections. The badalin section of the great wall of China is considered the most visited (63,000,000 visitors in 2001 alone). In high season, the flow of tourists can reach 70,000 people a day!
Why visit the Great wall of China
“The greatest human feat in history”: the Great wall of China is the longest-running construction project in history, carried out at a huge cost of human lives, blood, sweat and tears. It rightfully deserves its place among the 7 New Wonders of the World and in the UNESCO world Heritage list.
Politicians and celebrities from different countries also do not miss the opportunity to walk around the world-famous symbol of China. Find out which of the great people visited the great wall of China.
The most popular sections of the great wall of China
The most interesting parts of the great wall of China to visit according to the reviews of our clients:
Mutianyu is the most picturesque and fully restored section of the great wall of China.
Jinshanling is the most popular walking route along the great wall of China, with beautiful and original architecture.
Jiankou is a section of wall that can be seen on many postcards. A steep and dangerous route.
The most popular sections of the great wall of China
Each section of the great wall of China has something unique and exciting to offer. The most important thing is to find something that will appeal to you. Learn more about the features of different sections of the wall to decide which One is best to visit during your trip to China.
History – who built the Great wall of China, when, why, and how
The great wall of China the Great wall of China (literally from Chinese – “Long Wall”) has a long history – more than 2,300 years. It was built in different areas by different States/dynasties to protect territorial borders.
Who and when built the Great wall of China
It is often said that the Great wall of China was built by the first Emperor of the Qin dynasty. In fact, he wasn’t the first to build it. See below:
Dynasty Main events in the history of construction
Zhou dynasty: time before the period of the Battling kingdoms (770-221 BC) Construction of defensive walls by the rulers of the kingdoms
Qin dynasty (221-207 BC) the First Emperor of the Qin dynasty United sections of the great wall of China on the Northern border of China
Han dynasty (206 – 220) Emperor Wu-di of the Han dynasty extended the Great wall of China to the West beyond the Yumen pass
Ming dynasty (1368 – 1644) national hero, General Qi Jiguang restored the Great wall of China around Beijing
Why the Great wall of China was built
Why the Great Wall of China was built
To prevent an invasion from the North
To protect the great silk road
During the Qin dynasty, the first Qin Emperor Shi Huang United the Northern sections of the great wall of China to prevent invasion from the North.
During the Han dynasty, the emperors extended the Great wall of China far to the West of China to protect the great silk road.
Learn more about the History of the great wall of China.
How the Great wall of China was built
Grandiose works on the construction of the great wall of China were carried out wisely and thoroughly, a lot of blood, sweat and tears were shed. Families were separated, and many workers died and were buried during construction, becoming part of the great wall of China itself.
Workers: soldiers, peasants, rioters
Materials: stone, earth, sand, brick
Material delivery: by hand with the aid of the ropes, carts with donkeys
Buildings of the great wall of China – walls, observation towers, fortresses
The great wall of China was not just a wall. It was a complex military defense system with observation towers for observation, fortresses for command posts and logistics, signal towers for communication, and so on.
During the Ming dynasty (1368-1644), thanks to the development of construction technologies, the Great wall of China was rebuilt and strengthened, becoming even more reliable.
Buildings Of The Great Wall Of China
Main wall: The great wall of China during the Ming dynasty featured crenellated walls 1.8 meters high, with loopholes and embrasures, and a parapet 1.2 meters high.
Defensive towers: every 500 meters or less on the great wall of China, there are defensive towers that allow defenders to throw arrows at attackers from the wall.
FORTS with loopholes and gates were built on important / vulnerable sections of the Wall, such as the Shanhaiguan pass Fortress, the Jiuyonguan pass Fortress, and the Jiayuguan pass Fortress. The fortress gate was considered the strongest and most invulnerable part of the great wall of China.
Find out how long the great wall of China is.
Restoration and protection of the great wall of China
To prevent further destruction of the Wall, the Chinese government has taken measures to protect it:
Laws for the protection of the great wall of China
Wall protection, restoration and maintenance funds
Everyone can provide all possible assistance to protect the great wall of China:
Plant trees to strengthen the slopes along which the Wall runs
Don’t litter or paint on walls/ clean up trash and get rid of graffiti
Do not damage the Wall, do not take parts of the Wall with you (this is a criminal offense)
Currently, more than 30% of the great wall of China has been lost
Due to natural erosion and human factors, about 2,000 kilometers (or 30% of the great wall of China during the Ming dynasty) disappeared. Sections of the Wall that were built before the Ming dynasty have been destroyed to an even greater extent.
Culture of the great wall of China-legends, stories, poetry
The Grandeur of one of the most recognizable symbols of China allows you to feel not only national pride and grandiose projects of Chinese culture, but also the ingenuity and uniqueness of ancient architecture.
During the construction of the great wall of China, many legends and myths were born, for example, the Legend of the lament of Meng Jiang Nui – a sad but romantic love story that appeared during the Qin dynasty.
Learn more About the culture of the great wall of China-about legends, history, and poetry…
Recommended tours to the Great wall of China
Recommended tours of the great Wall of China
If visiting this magnificent monument of culture and antiquity of China is part of your plans, find out Which section of the great Wall to choose.
You can choose the tour you like or tell us what is important for you on your trip, and we will help you Create your own tour to China.