Victoria Falls, Zambia-Zimbabwe
“Victoria” is one of the outstanding attractions in Africa and one of the most unusual waterfalls in the world. It is created by the Zambezi river, plunging sharply into a narrow cleft 100 meters wide. Moreover, Victoria is the only waterfall in the world that has a length of more than a kilometer and a height of more than a hundred meters.
Its noise can be heard at a distance of 40 kilometers, and spray and fog from falling water, rising to a height of more than 400 meters, can be seen from a distance of 50 kilometers. Even rainbows are formed here record – “lunar”: the result of refraction of light rays of the moon.The waterfall was discovered by the English doctor and missionary David Livingstone in 1855, giving it a name in honor of the Queen of great Britain. Local people in Africa called this natural wonder “Mosio-AO-Tunya” (“Thundering water”) and were terribly afraid to even approach it. Brave Livingstone was the first European to cross the black continent from South to North. His expedition, which was intended to bring Christianity to Africa, was accompanied by 300 warriors of one of the tribes, but only two of them ventured to the waterfall itself.
However, the researcher was not happy with his discovery. For Livingstone, this wall of water was only an obstacle preventing the Christians from reaching the natives in the interior of the continent.
Map of Victoria falls for a long time, Victoria falls was hardly visited until the railway was built here in 1905. Now it is a UNESCO world heritage site, and residents of Zambia and Zimbabwe, having ceased to be afraid of “Rattling water”, successfully develop tourist business on both sides of the river.
It is interesting that during the dry season, which lasts from about September to December, the water level in the Zambezi river drops significantly, and a large part of the waterfall can be walked on foot, jumping between the streams flowing down. However, the rest of the time, Victoria is a roaring machine, striking the imagination with its power.
One of the most interesting attractions on Victoria, not known to the mass tourist — is a natural pool about a dozen meters wide, located at the very edge of the cliff near Livingston island. Only a narrow bridge separates it from the bottomless abyss. It is not surprising that this place is called “Devil’s pool” (Devil’s Pool).
Entering the waters of the pool, the swimmer feels like tons of rapid flow of water are flying by. This pool does not work during high water, as bathers can be carried away by the current into the abyss, and excursions to it begin closer to autumn.